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The aim of this Request for Comment (RFC) is to describe the key features of the Tari second layer, also known as the Digital Assets Network (DAN)
- RFC-0100: Base Layer
- RFC-0311: Digital Assets
- RFC-0340: VN Consensus Overview
- RFC-0302: Validator Nodes
- VNs manage digital asset state change and ensure that the rules of the asset contracts are enforced.
- VNs form a peer-to-peer communication network that together defines the Tari DAN.
- VNs register themselves on the base layer and commit collateral to prevent Sybil attacks.
- Scalability is achieved by sacrificing decentralization. Not all VNs manage every asset. Assets are managed by subsets of the DAN, called VN committees. These committees reach consensus on DA state amongst themselves.
- VNs earn fees for their efforts.
- DA contracts are not Turing complete, but are instantiated by Asset Issuers (AIs) using DigitalAssetTemplates that are defined in the DAN protocol code.
- DA contracts are not Turing complete, but are selected from a set of DigitalAssetTemplates that govern the behaviour of each contract type. For example, there could be a Single-use Token template for simple ticketing systems, a Coupon template for loyalty programmes, and so on.
- The template system is intended to be highly flexible and additional templates can be added to the protocol periodically.
- Asset issuers can link a Registered Asset Issuer Domain (RAID) ID in an OpenAlias TXT public Domain Name System (DNS) record to a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) that they own. This is to help disambiguate similar contracts and improve the signal-to-noise ratio from scam or copycat contracts.
An AI will issue a DA by constructing a contract from one of the supported set of DigitalAssetTemplates. The AI will choose how large the committee of VNs will be for this DA, and have the option to nominate Trusted Nodes to be part of the VN committee for the DA. Any remaining spots on the committee will be filled by permissionless VNs that are selected according to a CommitteeSelectionStrategy. This is a strategy that an AI will use to select from the set of potential candidate VNs that nominated themselves for a position on the committee when the AI broadcast a public call for VNs during the asset creation process. For the VNs to accept the appointment to the committee, they will need to put up the specified collateral.